Since 1995, 90% of the world’s carbon has been stored in the ocean. Without the ocean, global temperatures could exceed 100oC, resulting in an inhabitable environment. Ocean temperature changes have a profound effect on marine environments, resulting in ocean acidification, icecaps melting, and sea-level rising. Ultimately the most devastating effect is that on marine biodiversity and coastal communities. Around 680 million people are living in low-lying coastal areas that rely on fish for food, and 60 million people are employed in aquaculture and the fishing industry. In turn, protecting our oceans has become a priority – reflected in– and is essential to mitigating the effect of global warming on the people and the planet. Here are 3 ingenious ocean initiatives, that were awarded The Earth Shot Prize in 2022 for outstanding innovation, urgent optimism and action to repair our planet by 2030.
The Great Barrier Reef is under immense threat. Rising sea level temperatures from the continued burning of fossil fuels are causing mass-scale coral bleaching. Coral bleaching is caused when sea temperatures rise significantly causing the corals to expel microscopic algae (zooxanthellae) that live in their tissue. Without the algae, corals become transparent, the white skeleton is exposed, and the coral becomes at higher risk of starvation and disease. If the water temperate persists for more than a few weeks, the coral becomes deprived of food and eventually dies, which alters the entire food-chain cycle and biodiversity of the surrounding ocean.
There have been several widespread mass bleaching in the past few decades across the Great Barrier Reef, with the most in the last two years, reflecting the ever-increasing global temperature. The Indigenous women of the Great Barrier Reef have taken matters into their own hands, empowering each other to protect the surrounding reefs, but moreover, encouraging others to take initiative and responsibility to protect other critical ecosystems globally.
Prior to the establishment of the Queensland Indigenous Women Rangers Network, the ranger network was only 20% female. Over the past few years, the network has helped build the next generation of women rangers, training over 60 women in the art of conservation, passing down techniques from previous generations, and collecting data that has given us a critical insight into one of the world’s most important and biodiverse ecosystems. With greater support, this model that combines indigenous knowledge, conservation education and data collection with female empowerment, could span across the globe facilitating the preservation of our most valued environments.
Similarly, the Sea Forester initiative is working to plant seaweed forests around the world to bring life back to the ‘blue font yard’. Seaweed forests are disappearing across the world, compared to coral reefs, due to rising sea temperatures, pollution, coastal developments and overgrazing. They used to cover most coastlines, however, rising temperatures are catapulting us towards environmental degradation. Seaweed is a major food source for a diversity of aquatic life however; the largest long-term consequence of seaweed decline is carbon sequestration and poor water quality. Every ton of seaweed has absorbed 120 kg of CO2, 2 kg of nitrogen and 0.2 kg of phosphorus, which is roughly around 173 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually. Like plants, seaweed uses photosynthesis to absorb CO2 and grow biomass. Coastal marine systems can absorb carbon at rates up to 50 times greater than forests on land.
In turn, seaweed can reverse ocean acidification, build up depleted fish stocks and capture at least 5 times more carbon than a typical forest. Seaweeds are some of the fastest-growing plants in the world (kelp grows two feet a day) and don’t require planting, soil or fertilizer. Sea Forester has developed a ‘green gravel’; seaweed spores are seeded onto small stones and scattered into the ocean, the stone latch onto the underlying reef, spreading across the ocean floor. The process is efficient and doesn’t require technical divers or equipment, providing a low-cost and scalable sea forestation solution. Given that, seaweed accounts for 54% of the world’s oxygen, and can sequester carbon more efficiently than land forests, Sea Forester’s innovation presents a unique opportunity to expand seaweed farms holistically and globally to mitigate climate impacts.
8 million pieces of plastic pollution enter the ocean every day, which equates to 12 million tons a year. Once the plastic has entered the ocean, it is nearly impossible to capture and remove. The most visible impact of plastic debris in the ocean is the ingestion and entanglement of marine species. 100 million marine animals die each year from plastic waste, an average of 1-3 marine mammals.
The Great Bubble Barrier is an innovative mechanism to capture and remove plastic from waterways before it enters the ocean. Air is pumped through a perforated tube placed diagonally on the riverbed to create a “curtain” of bubbles, which directs plastic up to the surface and into a waste collection system, all without obstructing wildlife or boats. This technique has been used in the past to clean up oil spills. It has proved to catch an average of 86% of plastic waste; testing has taken place in Amsterdam canals preventing plastic from entering the North Sea. Many countries lack the infrastructure to prevent plastic pollution, including recycling capacity, circular economy framework, waste disposals and adequate landfills. This lack of infrastructure can be addressed by The Barrier Bubble technology as it is transferable, highly scalable and subsequently, can be used as a tool to reach polluted rivers worldwide to stop plastic from entering the ocean and damaging precious biodiversity and ecosystems.
The above initiatives are only a few examples of projects and innovations to help protect our oceans, a key action that is required to combat climate change and build a more sustainable future. Itriom encourages you to identify sustainability challenges of interest linked to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, such as ocean protection, and either support existing initiatives or start your own to contribute to solving these goals.
Georgina Murrin is a Sustainability Analyst in Itriom’s London Office.
Itriom is the global impact platform helping leading families shape a better world. Itriom’s platform enables families to refresh and redesign their values, aligns them with the right UN Sustainable Development Goals, combining them in an agreed purpose and a Family Impact Charter. Itriom’s platform supports the development of impact initiatives and whilst providing discrete and secure spaces for peer-to-peer messaging and collaboration. Itriom’s core practices in Leadership, Geostrategy, and Sustainability benefit clients by developing strategies to engage and support the Next Generation in building a lasting legacy of which families can be proud.
© 2023 Itriom Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of Itriom’s content, including by framing or similar means, is prohibited without the prior written consent of Itriom Limited. This material is provided for informational purposes only.
Alizah is an ESG Consultant and researcher. She supports Itriom developing sustainability related products and services, helping our clients identify potential opportunities for creating positive environmental, social and sustainable impact.
Georgie is an ESG Analyst and researcher. She researches trends, develops insights and reports, and writes insight articles on sustainability and ESG related topics to ensure Itriom’s clients are up to date on the latest policy, progress and initiatives to inform the platform and help our clients maximise their positive impact.
Practice Leader – Leadership & Resilience
Renowned family office thought leader, Tim works with UHNW families to ensure they are fully equipped to deliver their legacies inter-generationally and effectively.
Practice Leader – Sustainability
Dr. Herb creates methodologies and frameworks for managing, measuring and assessing sustainability performance. His work identifies where maximum impact can be made.
Practice Leader – Geostrategy
Simon harnesses research, liaison and networks globally to identify opportunities for Itriom, building the knowledge needed to deliver intergeneration legacies for UHNW families.
Practice Leader – Strategy